|Statement||July 18, 1973.|
|Contributions||United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Subcommittee on Public Lands.|
|LC Classifications||KF26 .I534 1973b|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iv, 135 p.|
|Number of Pages||135|
|LC Control Number||73603341|
Mindful of our “increasing population, accompanied by expanding settlement and growing mechanization,” Congress passed the Wilderness Act in order to preserve and protect certain lands “in their natural condition” and thus “secure for present and future generations the benefits of wilderness.” 11 U.S.C. § (a). Original text of the Wilderness Act of which was amended: 4(a)(3) Nothing in this Act shall modify the statutory authority under which units of the national park system are created. Further, the designation of any area of any park, monument, or other unit of the national park system as a wilderness area pursuant to this Act shall in no manner lower the standards evolved for the use and . THE WILDERNESS ACT. Public Law (16 U.S.C. ) 88th Congress, Second Session September 3, (As amended) AN ACT. To establish a National Wilderness Preservation System for the permanent good of the whole people, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the. The Wilderness Act of was written by Howard Zahniser of The Wilderness Society. It created the legal definition of wilderness in the United States, and protected million acres of federal land. The result of a long effort to protect federal wilderness and to create a formal mechanism for designating wilderness, the Wilderness Act was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on September 3, .
Howard Zahniser was the legendary leader of The Wilderness Society who authored the original Wilderness Act. Zahniser led The Wilderness Society through two decades of wilderness battles and landmark accomplishments. Zahniser wrote 66 drafts of the Wilderness Act between and and steered it through 18 hearings. Signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on September 3, , the Wilderness Act designated all previously existing Wild Areas, Canoe Areas, and Wilderness Areas as Wilderness. At the time, these areas on national forests totaled million acres and represented the entire National Wilderness Preservation System. Approximately million acres of Primitive Areas. Great Sand Dunes Wilderness. Photo Credit: NPS/Patrick Myers. The Wilderness Act was passed in , signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson. This Act established the National Wilderness Preservation System and instructed federal land management agencies, including the National Park Service (NPS), to manage wilderness areas and preserve wilderness character. According to the Wilderness Act of , wilderness is (select all that apply): 1. An area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man 2. A place where man has not constructed permanent settlements 3. A place where man is a visitor who does not remain 4. Protected and managed so as to preserve its natural conditions.
September 3, , not less than two-thirds within seven years after September 3, , and the remaining areas within ten years after September 3, Each recommendation of the President for designation as "wilderness" shall become effective only if so provided by an Act of Congress. Areas classified as "primitive" on. The Wilderness Act contains a whole sub-section, Section 4(d), addressing allowable activities that might seem contrary to the spirit and definition of wilderness outlined in Section 2 and the prohibitions listed in Section 4(c). Because of this, these activities are sometimes referred to . Howard Zahniser died of heart failure, at 58, on May 5, , four months before his much contested and amended wilderness bill became the law of the land. By , statutorily protected federal wilderness comprised over a hundred million acres (still, less than % of the land of the lower 48 states is thus protected). Throughout this paper the Wilderness Act, and the books Wilderness Management; Stewardship and Protection of Resources and Values, 3rd edition, by Hendee and Dawson, Wilderness and the American Mind by Roderick Nash, and Doug Scott’s The Enduring Wilderness strongly influence the discussion. For more information visit the following websites.